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Secondary Library: In-text Citations

In-text citations

What are in-text citations?

In-text citations may also be called "In-text referencing"

They are a brief note to show which source you are referring to in your writing.
It is placed inside brackets at the end of the sentence, or below a quotation.

The brief details needed inside the brackets should include the author's surname, as well as the date and/or the page number.

Examples

(Smith, 2016)

(Smith, 2016, p56)

(Smith 56)

The full citation must be listed in your bibliography at the end.

Watch the following short videos for more information, and to learn how to present your in-text citations.

Glossary

Cite / citation - to cite is to note the source of your information or quote, to write a citation.
(Citations may also be called "References")

Bibliography - a list of sources used in your research.
(Bibliographies may also be called "List of Sources" or "References")
It is placed at the end of the essay or assignment.  more ...

In-text citations - a brief note (author, date) to show which source you are using in your writing.
It is placed inside brackets at the end of the sentence, or below a quotation.
The full citation must be listed in your bibliography at the end.  more ...

Annotated bibliography same as a regular bibliography, but with notes added.
Each citation is followed by a brief description of the content, quality, and usefulness of the source.  more ...

Video explains when you need to use an in-text citation

Video explains how to do in-text citations

Cite This For Me (Google Slides)

Bibliography maker

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