Nelle Harper Lee, known by her pen name Harper Lee, was an American novelist. Lee published two novels in the span of her lifetime, the critically acclaimed To Kill a Mockingbird and Go Set a Watchman, a novel considered to be a first draft of her first novel. Lee was notorious for her reclusive nature, having only given a number of interviews since 1960. She was close friends with American novelist Truman Capote and was involved with the interview process for Capote's acclaimed non-fiction novel In Cold Blood. She passed away in February 2016 at the age of 89.
"To Kill a Mockingbird has influenced the character of our country for the better. It's been a gift to the entire world. As a model of good writing and humane sensibility, this book will be read and studied forever," said President Bush about Harper Lee's work.
The Freedom Riders were a group of students from the University of Sydney who, in 1965, traveled to regional areas of northern NSW to investigate reports of racial discrimination and highlight injustices experienced by Indigenous Australians
Ku Klux Klan, either of two distinct U.S. hate organizations that employed terror in pursuit of their white supremacist agenda. One group was founded immediately after the Civil War and lasted until the 1870s. The other began in 1915 and has continued to the present.
Emmett Till was just 14 years old when he was brutally murdered for speaking to a white woman.
In 1931 nine young men aged between 13 and 19 were falsely accused of raping two white women. The trials found the boys guilty with the death penalty handed down for most of the boys. It wasn't until the Supreme Court intervened that the boys where put on re-trial. It took until 2013 for the last boy to be pardon after he spent over 20 years in prison.
Jim Crow was an offensive theatre character created by Thomas D. Rice. Jim Crow came to represent the racial inequalities throughout the United States. The character lent its name to a set of laws that gave legal backing to racial acts.
The Civil Rights Movement was instrumental in gaining rights for African Americans. This was a period of great upheaval and courage. In this video Civil rights leaders look back on the '60s and reflect on the movement and its leaders.
In order to test the Supreme Courts decision that racial segregation on interstate travel was illegal groups of integrated travellers rode buses. These became known as the 'Freedom Riders". The integrated passengers faced aggression from some people even to the point where they were beaten. Nevertheless, the riders persevered and eventually gained acceptance.